Large scale migration has increased in the modern era due to better connectivity and interdependence of various parts of the world. Internal migration is one of the unexplored categories in India. Despite the facts and evidence of large rural to rural and rural to urban migration, India does not have the proper mechanisms to control, execute, and manage these internal migrants. This paper aims to study the patterns, causes, and consequences of internal migration in India. It also discusses the different policies related to India’s internal migrant workers and proposes strategy frameworks on migration. The paper suggests that migrant workers’ problems are enormous and calls for the government and other social stakeholders, including trade unions, to collaborate and communicate to strengthen the policies for social security and sustainable growth of migrant workers.