Migration is a process in which an individual or a group moves their
residence from one place to another. Migrant workers consist of those
working in the unorganised sector or households, excluding regular workers
with social security benefits provided by the employers (Sathya, 2016).
Migrants presently constitute an integral part of Kerala, but their acceptance
in social life is a matter of concern. Inclusion and integration are important
for the holistic development of migrants. Recently several health
programmes were introduced for the migrants in Kerala by the National
Health Mission, Atithi Devo Bhava and Bandhu mobile clinics for
providing them with health care and the associated services. In Kerala
there is a huge influx of migrants mostly from States such as West Bengal,
Bihar, Assam, Odissa, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Migrants usually
face issues with language, identification and above all social exclusion.
When the poorest migrate, in the context of limited resources and choices,
they often face conditions of vulnerability. Moreover, they face various
problems such as social exclusion, inadequate social security measures,
insufficient labour laws, exploitation, no guaranteed minimum wages,
vulnerability to diseases and many others which make their lives miserable.
This paper is based on five case studies conducted among migrant workers
from the unorganised sector in Ernakulam, Kerala to assess the extent of
their social inclusion in the society where they are working/living. Social
inclusion is looked at as a process in which the members take part in
dialogues to attain and establish peaceful relations of coexistence in a
society. It does not mean forced assimilation. The problems of migrant
labourers in relation to their social inclusion are identified for social work.