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Reading: Social Inclusion of Migrant Labourers in the Unorganised Sector in Kerala

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Social Inclusion of Migrant Labourers in the Unorganised Sector in Kerala

Authors:

Joyshree Mondal ,

Rajagiri College of Social Sciences, IN
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Lizy P.J

Rajagiri College of Social Sciences, IN
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Abstract

Migration is a process in which an individual or a group moves their residence from one place to another. Migrant workers consist of those working in the unorganised sector or households, excluding regular workers with social security benefits provided by the employers (Sathya, 2016). Migrants presently constitute an integral part of Kerala, but their acceptance in social life is a matter of concern. Inclusion and integration are important for the holistic development of migrants. Recently several health programmes were introduced for the migrants in Kerala by the National Health Mission, Atithi Devo Bhava and Bandhu mobile clinics for providing them with health care and the associated services. In Kerala there is a huge influx of migrants mostly from States such as West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odissa, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Migrants usually face issues with language, identification and above all social exclusion. When the poorest migrate, in the context of limited resources and choices, they often face conditions of vulnerability. Moreover, they face various problems such as social exclusion, inadequate social security measures, insufficient labour laws, exploitation, no guaranteed minimum wages, vulnerability to diseases and many others which make their lives miserable. This paper is based on five case studies conducted among migrant workers from the unorganised sector in Ernakulam, Kerala to assess the extent of their social inclusion in the society where they are working/living. Social inclusion is looked at as a process in which the members take part in dialogues to attain and establish peaceful relations of coexistence in a society. It does not mean forced assimilation. The problems of migrant labourers in relation to their social inclusion are identified for social work.
How to Cite: Mondal, J. and P.J, L., 2020. Social Inclusion of Migrant Labourers in the Unorganised Sector in Kerala. Rajagiri Journal of Social Development, 12(2), p.None.
Published on 14 Dec 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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